墎拉嘿小學Gaw La Heh Primary School
共好×設計 Design for the Common Good 台灣建築雜誌2022年6月 Vol.321
墎拉嘿小學Gaw La Heh Primary School
網絡/ Network：克利史東基金會/Curry Stone Foundation；議題 Issue：教育/ Education
編輯/Editing：Shannon Turlington；翻譯/Translation：陳盈棻/Ying-Fen Chen；
翻譯協助/Translational Assistance : Jayde Lin Roberts
究究（Gyaw Gyaw）（音譯）是個位於泰緬邊界的非營利組織，其主要工作是透過建築資助與參與式建造，來支援克倫族教育。自2009年開始，究究執行了30個相關計畫，墎拉嘿（Gaw La Heh）（音譯）小學是其中之一。在計畫執行初期，此小學由六個班級與一個幼稚園組成，共約一百個學生。經由與校長和村長的協議，六個小教室被設計成圍繞一個共用的廣場，並以連續的屋頂相連，試圖藉由這樣的設計引導在地的自然強風，使其圍繞著建築物流動。這個計畫同時還包含有兩間宿舍、廁所和浴室空間，以及修繕後的廚房，這些空間的設計都基於永續和參與式構築的準則。
Gyaw Gyaw is an NGO located at the Thai-Burma border that supports Karen education through architecture and participatory building processes. Gaw La Heh Primary School is one of 30 projects implemented by Gyaw Gyaw since 2009. At the start of the project, the school had approximately 100 students representing six classes and kindergarten. In agreement with the headmaster and the village leader, six small classrooms were designed around a common square connected by a continuous roof shaped to guide the strong winds over and around the buildings. The project also contains two dormitories, toilets, baths, and a renovated kitchen, all built with the principles of sustainable and participatory architecture
濟寶記（Je Po Kee）（音譯）是座位於克倫邦的偏遠村莊，居民穿梭於野生叢林間生活。由於緬甸內戰，過去數十年以來，許多的克倫族人是生活在泰國邊境的自管社區或難民營中。近年由於墎拉嘿小學的受歡迎程度，加上濟寶記村莊的良好營運，吸引了不少克倫族人搬回克倫邦，讓村莊相對蓬勃發展。但由於社區位置偏遠，外部資源有限，建築材料只能利用聯外道路以少數車輛運送。也因此，就地取材的木構技術與材料知識，在社區中依然廣為流傳，究究計畫所需的材料與技術，均是在當地取得，並由村莊自力維護。
Je Po Kee village is a small remote village located in Karen State where the inhabitants live in and off the jungle. Due to the civil war in Myanmar, a large Karen population has been living across the Thai border in self-organized communities or refugee camps for decades. Because Gaw La Heh is a popular school in a well-run village it is attracting more people to move back to Karen State and is therefore growing. Given the remote nature of the community, access to materials from the outside is limited and can only be delivered by one of the few cars available at a time when the road is accessible. As a result, wood-working skills and material knowledge are well spread among the people and therefore Gyaw Gyaw also works with materials and techniques that can be maintained by the villagers themselves.
Being a local organization that works with and within the surrounding communities, Gyaw Gyaw is in continuous dialogue with stakeholders from past, ongoing, and future projects. Stakeholder inputs and lessons learned provide fluid and sustained feedback that influences future design. Within the context of this conflict zone, this feedback mechanism is not in a formalized system but within daily collaboration and conversations. Initial formalized meetings address the needs of the users and set the framework for the design. As these projects are initiated and driven by the recipient communities, Gyaw Gyaw strives to meet the stakeholder’s needs through collaboration and mutual respect: Host communities provide materials, local knowledge and labor while Gyaw Gyaw leads the common design and provides building knowledge.
The most important way Gyaw Gyaw ensures community and stakeholder accountability is by not initiating the project. The communities are aware of their own needs and they approach Gyaw Gyaw with their project idea. Gyaw Gyaw then collaborates with them to fulfill their project’s goal; thus, from the beginning, the project’s ownership is always held by the community. Additionally, community members contribute with labor and local knowledge, further increasing engagement and mutual trust for future collaboration.
The largest impact on educational outcomes is the examples Gyaw Gyaw makes by applying democratic principles and labor rights. This is further expanded through close and respectful collaborations with all local stakeholders. The importance of education and access to it is lifted with the buildings themselves and project implementations in the remote villages which also strengthen an educational network.